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Everything you need to know about the Grand National .....

Everything you need to know about the Grand National .....

The Grand National is one of the most famous and unpredictable horse races in the world, taking place this year behind closed doors for the first time in its history.

It's a hugely popular event and 600 million people watch it on TV all over the globe.

Lots of people follow it at home, and you and your family might even pick your own favourite horse - often based on its name and colours.

The race is part of a three-day race meeting held in Liverpool, with usually more than 150,000 people in attendance. 

 

It all began at Aintree Racecourse, in Merseyside, has been the home of the famous Grand National since its first running in 1839.

A version of the race took place before this, but 1839 is accepted as the official start of the race as we know it today.

Between 1916-1918 during World War One, the race had to be moved to Gatwick Racecourse. Then, it was called off between 1941-1945 because of the Second World War. 

The race has changed a lot since it began.

 

The courses and fences have been tweaked over the years - not least to make them safer for the horses and jockeys. The starting line has also moved further away from the main stand to help the horses to

remain calmer at the beginning.

 

But throughout the years, it has always been one of the biggest jump races for horses and riders in the world - and it is currently the longest race in the UK.

 

The Course - The Grand National is held at Aintree Racecourse in Merseyside
 
 
During the three-day event, more than 20 different races will take place.  In the biggest race - the Grand National - horses have to complete two laps of the course, covering four-and-a-half miles and
 
jumping 30 fences.
 
 
The Fences - There are 16 different jumps, known as fences, on the National Course. 
 
All 16 are jumped during the first lap but on the second lap of the circuit the horses only jump 14 of them - so that makes 30 fences in total for the race.

The fences are different widths and heights, and some of them have different names

Horses and riders jump Canal Turn during the 2018 Grand National at Aintree Racecourse on April 14, 2018
 

One of the most famous fences is called The Chair, which is the tallest on the course at 5 foot 3 inches.

The ground on the landing side is higher than the side the horses take off from, and there's also a six-foot ditch that horses have to jump over before the fence.

Fortunately, The Chair is one of the two fences that riders only have to go over once, rather than twice like most of the others.

Canal Turn and Becher's Brook are two other extremely difficult fences.

 

Famous winners - A horse called Red Rum is the only horse to have won the Grand National three times - in 1973, 1974 and 1977. He also came second in 1975 and 1976.

Red Rum died in 1995 at the age of 30 and was buried near the winning post at Aintree.

 

In 1993, no one won because there was a false start - some riders didn't realise and carried on so the race had to be cancelled!

George Stevens is the most successful jockey in Grand National history.

He has won the Grand National five times, but given that his final victory came back in 1870, you probably weren't around to remember this!

 
Ambush II, who won in 1900, was owned by Prince Edward VII who became King of England less than a year later
 

The fastest time ever the course has ever been completed in was by Mr Frisk in 1990, who covered the four miles and 514 yards of the race in just 8 mins 47.8 secs.

Inkerman are now in their 14th year of working with Aintree as the official trophy supplier and never before has it been run in its history behind closed doors.  Inkerman are providing over 80 trophies for

owners, trainers, trainers and stable hands.  The crowds and soldiers will be missed along with that Grand National 'roar' from the crowd, but here's hoping that next year it will be back stronger and bigger

than ever!

                  

 

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